From Apple’s visualisation of the New Oxford American Dictionary:
“uprising |ˈəpˌrīzi ng | noun
an act of resistance or rebellion; a revolt : an armed uprising.
THE RIGHT WORD
There are a number of ways to defy the established order or overthrow a government.
You can stage an uprising, which is a broad term referring to a small and usually unsuccessful act of popular resistance (: uprisings among angry workers all over the country).
An uprising is often the first sign of a general or widespread rebellion, which is an act of armed resistance against a government or authority; this term is usually applied after the fact to describe an act of resistance that has failed (: a rebellion against the landowners).
If it is successful, however, a rebellion may become a revolution, which often implies a war or an outbreak of violence (: the American Revolution). Although a revolution usually involves the overthrow of a government or political system by the people, it can also be used to describe any drastic change in ideas, economic institutions, or moral values (: the sexual revolution).
An insurrection is an organized effort to seize power, especially political power, while an insurgency is usually aided by foreign powers.
If you’re on a ship, you can stage a mutiny, which is an insurrection against military or naval authority.
But if you’re relying on speed and surprise to catch the authorities off guard, you’ll want to stage a putsch, which is a small, popular uprising or planned attempt to seize power.
verb ( past -rose; past part. -risen) [ intrans. ] archaic or poetic/literary
rise to a standing or elevated position : bright and red uprose the morning sun.”